Economics and politics - comment and analysis
8. November 2013 I Raja Khalidi I Countries and Regions, Globalisation and Development

Whatever happened to the Arab (economic) Spring?

I pity the poor immigrant Who tramples through the mud Who fills his mouth with laughing And who builds his town with blood Whose visions in the final end Must shatter like the glass Bob Dylan, “Pity the Poor Immigrant” After almost three years of a still undecided struggle otherwise known as the “Arab Spring”, the globally welcomed demonstration o…


I pity the poor immigrant
Who tramples through the mud
Who fills his mouth with laughing
And who builds his town with blood
Whose visions in the final end
Must shatter like the glass
Bob Dylan, “Pity the Poor Immigrant”

After almost three years of a still undecided struggle otherwise known as the “Arab Spring”, the globally welcomed demonstration of the Arab peoples turning out in the millions to oppose seemingly invincible Arab regimes has largely soured. The first flush of hope that the region was about to undergo a revolutionary democratic transformation has been replaced, for many of its supporters, by deep pessimism and scepticism as to whether the peoples of the region can escape the adverse legacy of tribalism, sectarianism and ethnic rivalry. The earliest rallying cries for bread, jobs and social justice have been replaced by the drone of murderous civil war and regional conflict being fought out in Syria, the restoration of populist military rule in Egypt, inter-Muslim sectarian strife and a variety of stand-offs elsewhere in the region. What has gone so terribly wrong?

From the outset of the mass movements that shook the pillars of Arab ruling elites from the Atlantic Ocean to the Gulf, at least two competing narratives from bot…
Thanks for reading this short excerpt from the paid post! Fancy buying it to read all of it?

Read Now, Pay Later

  • Buy Now

    Just agree to pay later.
    No upfront registration and payment.

  • Read Immediately

    Access your purchase immediately.
    You are only buying this article, not a subscription.

  • Pay Later

    Buy with LaterPay until you reach a total of 5 Euro.
    Only then do you have to register and pay.

powered bybeta

1-Month Pass

1 Month access to all content on this website

Back
Validity1 Month
Access toAll content on this website
Renewal No automatic renewal
Price5.00 EUR

3-Month Pass

3 Month access to all content on this website

Back
Validity3 Months
Access toAll content on this website
Renewal No automatic renewal
Price15.00 EUR

6-Month Pass

6 Months access to all content on this website

Back
Validity6 Months
Access toAll content on this website
Renewal No automatic renewal
Price30.00 EUR